Insomnia is a type of sleep disorder, in which the patient feels it hard to sleep or to stay asleep. Common symptoms that patient of Insomnia feels are;
- Problems in sleep
- Waking up in the night
- Waking up too early
- Tiredness during daytime
Types of Insomnia
There are various types of Insomnia. However, there are two major types of Insomnia, primary and secondary Insomnia.
Primary Insomnia – Primary condition is a common type of Insomnia. In this condition, the person never experiences sleep problem due to other underlying health condition.
Secondary Insomnia – This is the second type of Insomnia. This is more common than primary Insomnia. In secondary Insomnia, sleep disorder usually occurs due to the underlying health condition such as digestion problem or breathing difficulties.
Chronic Insomnia vs. Acute Insomnia
As you know, all the disease affects every person differently. Insomnia also has different effects on individuals. It depends how often it happens, how long it lasts, or how you feel it. Insomnia can also be short-term or long-term. Insomnia can become more severe and chronic when it continues for more than three days in a row for a month.
Causes of Insomnia
AS described above, you can experience Insomnia due to various reasons. This may include:
- Discomfort in emotions
- Physical irritations and tenderness
- Medication treatment for allergy, cold, depression and high blood pressure
- Sudden environmental changes
- Excessive light, temperature, and extreme cold
- Primary causes of depression
- Chronic stress
- Discomfort at night
Common causes of Chronic Insomnia
Stress – Overwork or pressure of the work, school, finance or health can also cause sleeping problems
Overeating – If you eat heavy meals right before going to bed, you may get sleepless throughout the night. However, if you feel appetite, you can eat healthy snacks.
Travel schedule – Traveling can also disrupt your eating and sleeping schedule. Sudden change in routine can also develop Insomnia
Poor sleeping habit – If you don’t stick to a plan, or never goes to bed at the same time, this may disrupt your sleep and walk-up schedule. This may also cause stiffness and tiredness for the whole next day.
Symptoms of Insomnia
The common symptoms of Insomnia may include:
- General tiredness
- Memory problems
- Problems in concentration
- Sleeplessness at night
- Sleepiness during the day
Risk factors of Insomnia
According to a survey, every person experiences this condition at least once in their life. However, there are many factors that can increase the risk of Insomnia. These factors include:
- Women – Women may become sleepless during pregnancy. Furthermore, women have more chance of experiencing Insomnia
- Over 60 age – People who are over age 60, have more chances of Insomnia than adults or young
- Under stress – If you are under stress, you may feel it difficult to feel asleep.
- Not sticking to a schedule – If you don’t stick to a schedule, or you go to bed every day on a different time, you will wake up tired on the next day.
Having sleep problems can be due to various disease. The doctor might briefly question you about your routine and daily life. The doctor can also seek the help of your partner to know about your routine. After that, the doctor will do a brief exam of your body. The doctor can also ask for your sleeping routine and hours.
If you have secondary Insomnia or you are feeling sleep disorders due to other underlying health condition. Various conditions can develop or increase sleeplessness such as breath problem, digestion problem, and pain in nerves. In this condition, the doctor will concentrate on the underlying health condition.
If you have primary insomnia, the doctor will directly concentrate on your sleep cycle. In the treatment, they may also prescribe you medications. You can also buy sleeping tablets online. Usually, these pills relax the muscles and produce calming effects in mind.
Furthermore, the doctor may also recommend your therapies and behavioral changes. They may also give you a plan of diet and sleep.
The behavioral treatments may include:
- Sleep restrictions
- Sleeping schedule
- Stimulus control
- Relaxation therapy